Fair Value Measurements
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2022
|Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]|
|Fair Value Measurements||
Note 10. Fair Value Measurements
During the first quarter of 2021, the Company elected to account for the $3.0 million investment in the 2020 Convertible Notes issued to the Major Investor using the fair value method. Further, the Major Investor Warrant was deemed to be a liability classified instrument due its variable settlement features. Both of these instruments were classified as Level 3 measurements within the fair value hierarchy.
The fair value of the Company’s 2020 Convertible Note issued to the Major Investor is measured as the sum of the instrument’s parts, being the underlying debt instrument and the conversion feature. The conversion feature was valued using the probability weighted conversion price discount. The instrument provided the holder the right to convert the instrument into shares of Series B Preferred Stock at a 20% discount. Given the timing of the issuance of the instrument near the Merger date, management determined that there was a 99.5% probability of the holders converting the instrument to Company shares at a 20% discount.
The Company valued the warrants issued with the 2020 Convertible Notes using a Black-Scholes-Merton model using the value of the underlying stock and exercise price of $2.01, along with a risk-free interest rate of 0.59% and volatility of 86%. The Company estimated the term of the warrant to be 5 years.
The Company’s 2020 Convertible Notes contain a share settled redemption feature (“Embedded Derivative”) that requires conversion at the lesser of specified discounts from qualified financing price per share or the fair value of the common stock at the time of conversion. The discount changes based on the passage of time between issuance of the convertible note and the conversion event. This feature is considered a derivative that requires bifurcation because it provides a specified premium to the holder of the note upon conversion. The Company measures the share-settlement obligation derivative at fair value based on significant inputs that are not observable in the market. This results in the liability classified as a Level 3 measurement within the fair value hierarchy.
Upon the Merger, all of the Level 3 instruments were exchanged for Vyant Bio equity classified instruments. Prior to their exchange, all of these instruments were marked to their fair market values with corresponding changes recorded in the statement of operations in the first quarter of 2021.
In the fourth quarter of 2021, the Company classified the vivoPharm business as discontinuing operations and applied held for sale accounting. The Company valued the vivoPharm business as of December 31, 2021 equally weighting public company revenue multiples as of December 31, 2021 and comparable transaction revenue multiples, which are classified as Level 3 measurements within the fair value hierarchy. The Company updated the valuation of the vivoPharm business as of March 31, 2022 based on equally weighting public company revenue multiples as of March 31, 2022 and comparable transaction revenue multiples, which resulted in a $4.5 million decrease to the fair value of vivoPharm. The fair value of the vivoPharm business was estimated to be $11.0 million and $6.5 million as of December 31, 2021 and March 31, 2022, respectively. The Company recognized an impairment charge of $4.3 million during the quarter ended March 31, 2022, which decreased vivoPharm’s net carrying value, net of estimated disposal costs from $9.2 million as of December 31, 2021 to $4.9 million as of March 31, 2022.
The following tables present changes in fair value of level 3 valued instruments as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021:
Schedule of Changes in Fair Value of Level 3 Valued Instruments
The entire disclosure for the fair value of financial instruments (as defined), including financial assets and financial liabilities (collectively, as defined), and the measurements of those instruments as well as disclosures related to the fair value of non-financial assets and liabilities. Such disclosures about the financial instruments, assets, and liabilities would include: (1) the fair value of the required items together with their carrying amounts (as appropriate); (2) for items for which it is not practicable to estimate fair value, disclosure would include: (a) information pertinent to estimating fair value (including, carrying amount, effective interest rate, and maturity, and (b) the reasons why it is not practicable to estimate fair value; (3) significant concentrations of credit risk including: (a) information about the activity, region, or economic characteristics identifying a concentration, (b) the maximum amount of loss the entity is exposed to based on the gross fair value of the related item, (c) policy for requiring collateral or other security and information as to accessing such collateral or security, and (d) the nature and brief description of such collateral or security; (4) quantitative information about market risks and how such risks are managed; (5) for items measured on both a recurring and nonrecurring basis information regarding the inputs used to develop the fair value measurement; and (6) for items presented in the financial statement for which fair value measurement is elected: (a) information necessary to understand the reasons for the election, (b) discussion of the effect of fair value changes on earnings, (c) a description of [similar groups] items for which the election is made and the relation thereof to the balance sheet, the aggregate carrying value of items included in the balance sheet that are not eligible for the election; (7) all other required (as defined) and desired information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef